储备银行票据今天通过三读  

文稿:傲雪
翻译:Bruce
编辑:申睿霖

8月10日新西兰财政部消息,新西兰财政部长格兰特·罗伯逊说:″更新和加强储备银行的决策和问责安排将加强新西兰的金融体系,并使其适合现在和将来解决货币和金融政策问题。《新西兰储备银行法案》今天在议会三读后获得通过。我自豪地看到这项重要立法的通过。它不仅使已有30多年历史的《储备银行法》现代化,而且改革支持和保护储备银行的独立性,同时确保其以负责和透明的方式运作。
格兰特·罗伯逊说:”我们已经通过立法,使储备银行的货币政策目标和决策过程现代化。今天通过的法案是一系列重大立法改革中的第二项,将为储备银行新的机构安排提供基础框架。主要功能包括:
  加强决策:除货币政策外,所有决定将由董事会而不是单一决策者做出,由总督作为董事会成员,将金融稳定目标重新界定为保护和促进新西兰金融体系的稳定,这将提供更好的明确性。
 确保业务独立性与适当的问责制相平衡 -修改以更新储备银行的问责制和报告框架,例如符合官方实体框架对意向书和年度报告的要求。
    规定部长将发布一项金融政策汇约,列出储备银行董事会必须考虑的事项。
 改变供资模式,通过征收行业税和费用,提高透明度,并允许适当收回成本。
    向部长提供指示银行维持最低资本水平的能力。
    向金融监管机构理事会提供法定授权,通过促进其成员之间的合作与协调,支持对金融体系进行有效和反应迅速的监管″。
  在皇家同意之后,将有一个过渡期,以便在预计的2022年7月1日开工日期之前为新的安排作准备。这一系列改革中的第三个也是最后一个法案——存款人法案——预计将在2022年初提交议会。

Reserve Bank Bill passes third reading
 
The update and strengthening of the Reserve Bank’s decision-making and accountability arrangements will bolster New Zealand’s financial system and make it fit for purpose to address monetary and financial policy issues now and in the future, Grant Robertson said.
 
The Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bill was passed following the third reading in Parliament today.
 
“I am proud to see the passing of this important piece of legislation. Not only does it modernise the more than 30-year old Reserve Bank Act, the reforms support and protect the Reserve Bank’s independence while ensuring it operates in an accountable and transparent manner,” Grant Robertson said.
 
“We have already passed legislation to modernise the Reserve Bank’s monetary policy objectives and decision-making processes. The Bill passed today is the second in a series of significant legislative reforms, and will provide the foundational framework for the Reserve Bank’s new institutional arrangements.”
 
Key features include:
 
·       strengthening decision-making: all decisions other than monetary policy will be made by a board rather than a single decision-maker – with the Governor as a member of the board;
·       reframing the financial stability objective to “protecting and promoting the stability of New Zealand’s financial system”, which will provide better clarity;
·       ensuring operational independence is balanced with appropriate accountability – with changes to update the Reserve Bank’s accountability and reporting frameworks, such as aligning with the Crown Entity framework requirements for statements of intent and annual reports;
·       providing for a Financial Policy Remit to be issued by the Minister, setting out matters to which the Reserve Bank board must have regard;
·       changes to the funding model to promote transparency and allow for appropriate recovery of costs, through industry levies and fees;
·       providing the Minister with the ability to direct the Bank to maintain a minimum level of capital; and
·       providing the Council of Financial Regulators with a statutory mandate to support effective and responsive regulation of the financial system, by facilitating cooperation and coordination between its members.
 
Following Royal Assent, there will be a transition period to prepare for the new arrangements ahead of an anticipated commencement date of 1 July 2022. The third and final Bill in this set of reforms – the Deposit Takers Bill – is expected to be introduced into Parliament in early 2022. 

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